267. FEMALE TROUBLE (1974)

“The world of the heterosexual is a sick and boring life.”–Aunt Ida, Female Trouble



FEATURING: , , , , Michel Potter

PLOT:  Baltimore rebel Dawn Davenport runs away from home, gets knocked up by a rapist, and turns to a life of crime to help pay for the daughter she hates. After a brief and disastrous marriage, Dawn is scarred for life after her ex-husband’s Aunt Ida throws acid in her face. Transformed into a freak celebrity by a salon-owning couple, Dawn embarks upon a murder spree before an inevitable trip to the electric chair.

Still from Female Touble (1974)


  • Shot on a $25,000 budget, Female Trouble is puke poet laureate John Waters’ riotous followup to his midnight cult hit, Pink Flamingos. Waters capitalized on the previous film’s surprise success and advertised Female Trouble as having the returning cast of Pink Flamingos. It is the second entry in what Waters later called his “Trash Trilogy,” which begins with Flamingos and ends with Desperate Living.
  • After acting in Waters’ films for twelve years, this was David Lochary’s last screen appearance. He was cast for 1977’s Desperate Living but bled to death as the result of a fall while under the influence of PCP shortly before filming began.
  • Waters’ tagline for Female Trouble was “A high point in low taste.”
  • Divine based part of her portrayal of Dawn on her nightclub act, during which she threw mackerel at the audience and claimed to be a mass murderer.
  • Female Trouble was dedicated to Charles “Tex” Watson, of the Manson Family, who partly inspired the film’s theme of “crime is beauty.” The wooden toy helicopter in the film’s credits was Watson’s gift to Waters after a prison visit. (Waters later said that he regretted the dedication).
  • Alfred Eaker‘s Staff Pick for a Certified Weird movie.

INDELIBLE IMAGE: Dawn jumping up and down on a trampoline, wearing a mohawk and a sparkly pantsuit, at her big performance art showcase.

THREE WEIRD THINGS: Divine rapes Divine; chewed umbilical cord; Auntie in a birdcage

WHAT MAKES IT WEIRD: An expressionistic nightmare set in the hell of East Coast suburbia highlighting the rise and fall of a 300 pound transvestite mass murderer, Female Trouble reaches its first climax of lunacy when Dawn chops off Aunt Ida’s hand, locks her up in an oversized birdcage, and goes on her daughter for joining the Hare Krishnas. A second bouncing-off-the-wall climax follows when Dawn murders audience members as performance art before going down in a blaze-of-glory finale that could compete with Cody Jarrett blowing himself up or Tony Montana rat-a-tat-tatting away after being riddled with bullets. Accompanying all that is a beauty myth from the bowels of a white trash hell that would send Naomi Wolf screaming for sanctuary. Female Trouble is even more subversive than Pink Flamingos.

Short clip from Female Trouble (1974)

COMMENTS: On the surface, Female Trouble may appear to be an anarchic vision of a world separated from normal society, but it’s a brutally authentic slice of Americana that is as unflinching and nonjudgmental as the prose of Flannery O’Connor or Hubert Selby, Jr.  Everyone is equally implicated; suburbanites can be just as given to avarice, just as heartless, just as guided by hate as the billionaire down the street. Although the portrait of Dawn Davenport is an undeniably indigenous one, Waters’ iconoclastic iconography is ripped from the pages of Jean Genet. It is the aesthetics of crime, filtered through Waters’ focus on piss, vomit, semen, puke, and stained mattresses that tellingly offends. Mass murder? Acceptable, as long as you’re a sharp dresser. Skid marks on a pair of Haines? Now, you’ve crossed boundaries. However, as Waters’ astutely wrote in his memoir “Shock Value”, “to understand bad taste one must have very good taste.” Waters is as shrewd an artist as . His list of influences range from to , from and to Jean Genet, from to Francois Truffaut. His reflexes instinctively take in culture we are prone to flippantly dismiss. If, like , Waters has lived long enough to see himself become something of an icon, it is because he is just so goddamned good at what he does that his celluloid iconoclasm has forged a Baltimore altar in his name. Waters is so honest he reveals himself as among the most moralistic of filmmakers.

Probably Water’s most seamlessly written film, Female Trouble benefits from a tableaux of -like virtuoso performances: Divine as Dawn Davenport, Edith Massey as the obsessively perverse Aunt Ida, and Mink Stole as “retarded” Taffy. David Lochary and Mary Vivian Pearce, as the Dashers, leave a trail of slime for the droll cast to follow. Massey and Stole almost steal the film, which is no simple accomplishment with diva Divine personifying a transvestite Charles Foster Kane rising from out of the armpit of middle-class Baltimore.

The iris of Female Trouble opens on a Baltimore high school, introducing us to high school trash tramp Dawn Davenport. Dawn’s unbridled rage begins when she’s denied a pair of “cha-cha” heels for Christmas. Much of her suffering is sex-related. She is told to “go f— herself” by the father of her illegitimate daughter, and since she played both the father (out of drag) and the mother (in drag), that’s exactly what she did. Next, hippy hubby Gator penetrates her with a pair of pliers.

With all this sex and crime, Dawn has nowhere to go but up, evolving into a camp caricature of operatic heights, with the trampoline serving as her hymnal. Dawn is egged on to new heights of crime by the Dashers, catalysts who, as asexual business owners only brave enough for voyeurism, are the legitimate antagonists. In Pink Flamingos, Edith Massey’s Egg Lady imprinted herself on our cult radar. Here, Massey’s Aunt Ida becomes an overloaded soft-boiled egg, squeezed (barely) into latex S&M attire. It’s no wonder that bad seed and eternal victim Taffy bonds with Ida: “If you get tired of being a Hare Krishna, you can come live with me and be a lesbian,” Ida says from the birdcage, waving her hook.

Dawn has her own lament for Taffy: “I’ve done everything a mother can do,” she practically sings. “I’ve locked her in her room, I’ve beat her with the car aerial. Nothing changes her. It’s hard being a loving mother.” Mildred Pierce never had it so rough, which leaves Dawn with no option but to transform into Mommie Dearest herself, performing a post-natal abortion.

Comprised of both Divine and Glenn (Glenn Milstead, the man behind the drag persona), Dawn Davenport is the best of both worlds, and both sexes. Female Trouble explodes in a “show must go on” mass murder finale, with Dawn replacing James Cagney in the electric chair. It takes finding the Cagney inside of her to slaughter an audience. It works.

G. Smalley adds: Female Trouble marks a tremendous step forward from Pink Flamingos. In Flamingos Waters used his shock technique merely to draw eyeballs, figuring out how far he could go without being arrested or driven into exile. Here, he’s more comfortable with his success, and not so desperate to draw an audience. That means he can focus more on his satire of the middle class, and his wit is able to shine through, resulting in a film that is more legitimately and purposefully shocking. In typically gross Waters fashion we get psuedo-rape, child abuse, absurd makeup, a woman imprisoned in a birdcage, beehive hairdos, mainlining eyeliner, Divine as a go-go dancer, implied pedophilia, puke, murder, and Edith Massey’s saggy naked breasts, all badly acted, edited and photographed—by design. Waters holds up a distorted lens to the stylistic and moral ugliness of the 1970s and creates a uniquely nightmarish world. He playfully inverts the sacred values of the American bourgeoisie: heterosexuality is perversion, crime is beauty, fat is sexy. Even the wallpaper in Female Trouble makes a satirical statement. This is the apex of Waters’ trash aesthetic, the highest point on the dungheap, a peak from which we can look out and survey the junkyard of America, circa 1974.


“Where do these people come from? Where do they go when the sun goes down? Isn’t there a law or something? This compost heap is even dedicated to a member of the Charles Manson gang!”–Rex Reed (contemporaneous)

“…regional camp of very limited appeal, a movie that celebrates tackiness in a way that was revolutionary and sometimes very funny in the sixties when Andy Warhol and Paul Morrissey did it.”–uncredited review, The New York Times (contemporaneous)

“John Waters’ most bizarre work is also his worst, a nonsensical palette of disgusting characters, bad acting, a baffling plot, and just plain bad taste.”–Christopher Null, filmcritic.com (DVD)

IMDB LINK: Female Trouble (1974)


John Waters Q&A | Female Trouble – Waters is interviewed after a 2014 screening of Female Trouble at Lincoln Center

Female Trouble – The Female Trouble page at Dreamland (John Waters’ fan site)

‘Female Trouble’ Was the Film That Taught Me I Didn’t Need to Have an Ordinary Life – Amelia Abraham’s essay on Female Trouble for Vice’s “films that made me” series

FEMALE TROUBLE – Our original review of Female Trouble


Hairspray, Female Trouble, and Multiple Maniacs: Three More Screenplays – The screenplay, along with bonus scripts for Hairspray and Multiple Maniacs

Shock Value: A Tasteful Book About Bad Taste – Waters’ memoirs outline his bad taste philosophy

Female Trouble: A Queer Film Classic – A serious academic consideration of the film

DVD INFO: Female Trouble was released on DVD by New Line Features in 2005, with a commentary track from Waters (buy). The same edition is available as part of a couple of different collections: on a double-feature disc with Pink Flamingos (buy) and in the massive 8-disc “Very Crudely Yours” set (which also includes Flamingos, Desperate Living, Polyester, Hairspray, Pecker, A Dirty Shame, and a “John Waters DVD scrapbook” bonus disc) (buy). Unfortunately, all of these releases are out-of-print and a bit pricey.

Female Trouble‘s presence on home video isn’t what it should be: partisans of the Blu-ray format are totally out of luck. But hopefully, with Multiple Maniacs receiving the Criterion Collection treatment in 2017, all of Waters’ films will soon be re-released in superior versions. Fortunately, the movie can be seen, and even downloaded, cheaply on video-on-demand (rent or buy on-demand).

2 thoughts on “267. FEMALE TROUBLE (1974)”

  1. Female Trouble reminded me of a quote from this site’s review of Glen or Glenda: “Ironically, society has by and large come around to Ed’s tolerant philosophy today: but no thanks to the arguments given here, which make transvestism seem like an even more derranged passtime than the white-bread audiences of Joseph McCarthy’s America would have thought going into the film.”
    Given the devotion of Waters’ fans I know that’s a controversial statement, so I’m curious to hear the reasoning of anyone who disagrees.

  2. Think there was a bit of a meta joke in the film where Edith Massey, formally the egg obsessed lady in Pink Flamingos, here is offered an egg which she turns down

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