Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle (Every Man for Himself and God Against All)


FEATURING: , Walter Ladengast, Willy Semmelrogge

PLOT: After nearly two decades growing up in a basement cell, Kaspar Hauser is abandoned in the town square of a nearby village. Illiterate and knowing virtually no words, the man is adopted by the townsfolk, first by the town jailer and then by a local professor who finds him on display at a fair. As his awareness of this new world grows, Kaspar becomes increasingly disenchanted with his surroundings.

Still from The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974)

WHY IT WON’T MAKE THE LIST: While the story is based on an historical oddity that morphed into something of a legend, the movie structure, flow, and presentation are conventional. The tragedy of Kaspar Hauser is rather weird, but Herzog tells his tale through traditional storytelling methods.

COMMENTS: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser proves that the young Werner Herzog had the golden touch. It could be argued he single-handedly launched the volatile to art-house superstardom with the success of Aguirre, the Wrath of God. Right on that movie’s heels, he cooked up a heartwarming tragedy for the then-very-unknown street performer, Bruno S. In the titular role in  Kaspar Hauser, Herzog directs the non-actor in a performance that is moving, amusing, and, most impressively, believable.

Herzog took the historical but semi-legendary story of Kaspar Hauser at face value. The movie begins, as with so many Herzog pictures, with shots of mesh-enveloped nature. As in Aguirre, an informative title card is presented to provide the viewer with background—in this case, ironically, to introduce him to the protagonist’s lack of background. Having spent all his formative years from birth locked in a dimly lit cellar, with only one man’s company (limited to feeding time and perhaps cleanings), Kaspar Hauser has no basis for experience other than four walls, a straw covered floor, bread, water, and a wheeled toy horse. For unknowable reasons, one day the captor releases Kaspar and then ditches him, standing in a daze with a letter in hand, in the center of a prosperous 19th century German town.

The truly blank slate of Kaspar allows Herzog to force the audience to observe mankind from the character’s detached perspective. The town is bewildered by Kaspar’s presence and lack of interactivity. The authorities, one of whom is an excitable clerk keen on getting everything recorded in his reports, are officious, slightly suspicious, but ultimately kind. The children of the jail keeper teach Kaspar all they can. When the town government are irked at the stranger, they force him to act as one of the “Four Riddles of the Spheres at a town fair. Kaspar engineers an escape for himself and the three other “riddles,” only to be found later in an apiary by a kindly professor. Things do get better for Kaspar, but also worse.

The movie is sprinkled with amusing moments, largely observational oddities from the unworldly Kaspar, but it is ultimately a tragedy. Throughout, Herzog’s camera digresses into gossamer fields, dunes, and water. These signature shots ably convey Kaspar’s sense of wonder, but also his detachment from the world in which he finds himself. Near the beginning, he lightly sobs to the jail keeper’s wife,  “Mother, I am so far from everything”; later, he remarks to the professor, “It seems to me that my coming into this world was a very hard fall.” At a sort of “coming out” party put on for a visiting prat of a nobleman, he glibly tells the assembled bourgeois gawkers that life was better for him in his cell.

Kaspar Hauser has many moments of quiet beauty to behold, and Herzog further demonstrates his mastery of his craft with this addition to his oeuvre. The reality it creates is as wondrous and sad as the reality Kaspar experiences when he finally gains his bearings.


“In Herzog the line between fact and fiction is a shifting one. He cares not for accuracy but for effect, for a transcendent ecstasy… The last thing Herzog is interested in is ‘solving’ this lonely man’s mystery. It is the mystery that attracts him.”–Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times (contemporaneous)


  1. I have recently finished watching all of Herzog’s feature films and I must say, that Herzog does not disappoint. Enigma was a beautiful film (like most of his movies). Here is my personal ranking of Herzog’s oeuvre.

    1. Heart of Glass/Even dwarfs started small (tie) (Would definitely like to see Heart o Glass on the list)
    3. Stroszek
    4. Bad Lueitenant: Port of Call New Orleans
    5. Signs of Life (his underrated debut)
    6. Aguirre the wrath of god
    7. Frtizcaralldo (His greatest achievement,  but not my favorite)/Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (tie)
    9. Nosferatu the vampire
    10. Woyzeck
    11. Rescue dawn/Cobra Verde (another tie)
    13. My son, my son, what have ye done.
    14. The Wild Blue Yonder (often considered his worst.  I found it a rather enjoyable and hypnotic experiment in storytelling) 
    15. Where the green ants dream
    16. Invincible (Not bad but I think it’s the film of his that I think about the least)
    17. Scream of Stone (I belive Herzog disowned this film. Its just not very interesting)

    1. Haven’t seen about half of these, but they are on my “to-do” list. “Fitzcarraldo” stands (perhaps) as my favourite. However, I suspect “My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?” qualifies as a Certified contender — Michael Shannon’s “Razzle-Dazzle” hostage taker is nothing short of amazing. Also, Herzog making eccentric actors Dafoe and Kier the stabilising elements is a stroke of genius.

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